Normal oxygen level in blood is a proportion of how much oxygen your red platelets are conveying. Your body intently controls your blood oxygen level. Keeping up the exact equilibrium of oxygen-saturated blood is vital to your health.
Most youngsters and grown-ups don’t have to screen their blood oxygen level. Truth be told, numerous specialists will not check it except if you’re giving indications of an issue, similar to shortness of breath or chest pain.
Be that individuals with a persistent medical issue may need to screen their blood oxygen level as it may. This includes asthma, coronary illness, and chronic obstructive pneumonic diseases (COPD).
In these cases, observing your blood oxygen level can help decide whether medicines are working, or if they ought to be changed.
Continue to peruse to realize where your blood oxygen level ought to be, what manifestations you may insight if your level is off, and what occurs straightaway.
Normal oxygen level in blood
A measurement of your normal oxygen level in blood is called your oxygen saturation level. You may hear it called a PaO2 when using a blood gas and an O2 sat (SpO2) when using a pulse oximeter in medical shorthand. These guidelines will help you understand what your result might mean:
A normal oxygen level in the blood for healthy lungs falls between 80 and 100 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). If a pulse oximeter measured your blood oxygen level (SpO2), a normal reading is typically between 95 and 100 percent.
However, in COPD or other lung diseases, these ranges may not apply. Your doctor will let you know what’s normal for your specific condition. For example, it isn’t uncommon for people with severe COPD to maintain their pulse ox levels (SpO2) between 88 to 92 percent Trusted Source.
A below-normal oxygen level in the blood is called hypoxemia. Hypoxemia is often a cause for concern. The lower the oxygen level, the more severe the hypoxemia. This can lead to complications in body tissue and organs.
Normally, a PaO2 reading below 80 mm Hg or a pulse ox (SpO2) below 95 percent is considered low. It’s important to know what’s normal for you, especially if you have a chronic lung condition.
Your doctor can provide recommendations as to what ranges of oxygen levels are acceptable for you.
If your breathing is unassisted, it’s difficult for your oxygen levels to be too high. In most cases, high oxygen levels occur in people who use supplemental oxygen. This can be detected on an ABG.
How normal oxygen level in blood is measured
Your normal oxygen level in blood can be measured with two different tests:
Arterial blood gas
An arterial blood gas (ABG) test is a blood test. It measures your blood’s oxygen level. It also can detect the level of other gases in your blood, as well as the pH (acid/base level). An ABG is very accurate, but it’s invasive.
To get an ABG measurement, your doctor will draw blood from an artery rather than a vein. Unlike veins, arteries have a pulse that can be felt. Also, blood drawn from arteries is oxygenated. Blood in your veins isn’t.
The artery in your wrist is used because it’s easily felt compared to others in your body.
The wrist is a sensitive area, making blood draw more uncomfortable than a vein near your elbow. Arteries are also deeper than veins, adding to the discomfort.
A pulse oximeter (pulse ox) is a non-invasive device that estimates the amount of oxygen in your blood. It does so by sending infrared light into capillaries in your finger, toe, or earlobe. Then it measures how much light is reflected off the gases.
A reading indicates what percentage of your blood is saturated, known as the SpO2 level. This test has a 2 percent error window. That means the reading may be as much as 2 percent higher or lower than your actual blood oxygen level.
This test may be slightly less accurate, but it’s very easy for doctors to perform. So doctors rely on it for fast readings.
Things like dark nail polish or cold extremities can cause the pulse ox to read lower than normal. Your doctor may remove any polish from your nails before using the machine or if your reading seems abnormally low.
Because a pulse ox is noninvasive, you can perform this test yourself. You can purchase pulse ox devices at most stores that carry health-related products or online. Talk to your doctor before using a home device so that you understand how to interpret the results.
What happens if the normal oxygen level in blood is too low
When your normal oxygen level in the blood goes outside the typical range, you may begin experiencing symptoms.
- shortness of breath
- chest pain
- rapid heartbeat
If you continue to have low blood oxygen levels, you may show symptoms of cyanosis. The hallmark sign of this condition is a blue discoloration of your nail beds, skin, and mucus membranes.
Cyanosis is considered an emergency. If you’re experiencing symptoms, you should seek immediate medical attention. Cyanosis can lead to respiratory failure, which can be life-threatening.
How to increase the normal oxygen level in blood
Oxygen is imperative for our cells, body capacity, and strength. Also, the more noteworthy measure of oxygen, the better we will work.
There are various ways you can prepare your body to get more prominent measures of oxygen. Cardio practice is one of these, nonetheless, it isn’t sufficient to exclusively zero in on practice when looking to build the oxygen level.
Through cardio work out, you train your cardiovascular and respiratory framework, yet that doesn’t imply that your breathing is ideal.
We have here listed 5 important ways for more oxygen-
1. Get fresh air
Open your windows and go outside. Fresh air will provide you with energy and bring additional amounts of oxygen to the lungs.
2. Drink water
To oxygenate and expel carbon dioxide, our lungs need to be hydrated, and drinking enough water, therefore, influences oxygen levels. We lose on average about 400 milliliters of water per day.
3. Eat iron-rich foods
Certain foods can help improve the oxygen levels in your blood. Iron is a mineral needed for our red blood cells, the cells that transport blood around the body. That is why we can be tired and exhausted if we lack iron.
Great sources of iron-rich foods are green leafy vegetables like kale and broccoli, fruits such as apples, legumes, and lean proteins such as eggs, poultry, and fish.
The better we are at obtaining and utilizing oxygen, the more energy our cells can produce. Increased oxygen utilization will, therefore, strengthen our endurance.
There is a clear correlation between performance and the amount of oxygen we breathe in. This is measured in VO2 max, maximal oxygen uptake. The higher the VO2, the greater endurance. Interval and sprint training are the best training methods to increase the oxygen level.
5. Train your breathing
Exercise alone is not enough if you want to improve the quality of your breathing since training provides no guarantee that you are actually utilizing the capacity of your lungs and oxygen uptake. Breathing is, however, vital to increase our oxygen level.
Slow and deep breathing increases the level of oxygen in our blood. Oxygen is transported to the blood within the body through the respiratory system and that is why it influences your oxygen level if your breathing is not optimal.
For the same reason, many people and athletes experience a great difference when working on their breath through respiratory training. Breathing exercises not only strengthen our endurance it also helps to reduce our stress levels through focus and calmer breaths.